It is common for back pain to prevent you from working and seeking medical treatment. It can be debilitating and uncomfortable. Caused by injury, activity, or other medical conditions. People of all ages can experience back pain for different reasons. The risk of developing back pain increases as people age. Lower back pain can be exacerbated by factors like previous occupations and degenerative disc disease. Low back pain could be caused by the bony lumbar spine, discs among the vertebrae, and ligaments around them. The causes of pain in the upper back could be disorders of the aorta or tumors in the chest.
Back pain can be caused by problems with the spine, such as osteoporosis.
The human back is made up of complex structures of muscles, ligaments and tendons. These work together to support our bodies and allow us to move.
The disks are cartilage-like cushions that cushion the spine’s segments.
Back pain can be caused by problems with any one of these components. Sometimes, the cause of back pain is not clear.
Stress, poor posture, and medical conditions can all lead to injury.
Common causes of back pain are strain, tension, and injury.
These are the causes of back pain:
These activities can cause strains and spasms:
A number of structural problems may also result in back pain.
Computer use can lead to a hunched posture that can cause shoulder and back problems over time. Poor posture or everyday activities can also cause back pain. Examples include:
Back pain can be caused by certain medical conditions.
These factors can increase your risk of having back pain which can be caused by:
Women tend to have lower back pain more often than men due to possible hormonal factors. Back pain has also been linked with anxiety, stress, and mood disorders.
Back pain can be described as a recurring ache or discomfort in the back.
Depending on the nerves involved, back problems can cause pain in other areas of the body.
It is common for the pain to go away on its own, but it can happen with anyone of these people:
Seek medical assistance if you feel numbness, tingling or back pain, please let us know if you experience any numbness or tingling, or if you have back pain:
After asking questions and performing a physical exam, a doctor will typically be able to diagnose pain. An imaging scan and other tests may be required if:
Information about the health of the soft tissue in the back can be obtained by MRI, CT, or X-ray.
If the infection is suspected, the doctor might order a blood test.
A chiropractor can diagnose by touch, palpation, or visual examination. Chiropractic is a direct approach that focuses on the adjustment of the spinal joints. A chiropractor might also request to see results from imaging scans, as well as any blood or urine tests.
An osteopath can also diagnose by visual inspection and palpation. Osteopathy is slow, rhythmic stretching. This is also known as mobilization pressure or indirect techniques.
Physical therapists focus on diagnosing and treating problems in the joints, soft tissues, and other areas of the body.
Acute or chronic pain?
Two types of back pain can be classified as the following:
A person may have both mild to moderate back pain but also occasional, more severe pain. This can make it difficult for doctors to diagnose chronic or acute back pain.
Most back pain can be relieved with home remedies and rest, but it is possible to get medical attention.
Pain relief medication that is available over-the-counter (OTC), can be used to relieve pain. These include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) such as ibuprofen. A hot compress or ice pack can be applied to the area that is hurting.
It is possible to rest from strenuous activities, but it can be helpful to move around, which will reduce stiffness, and pain, and prevent muscle weakness.
If home remedies do not alleviate pain, your doctor may recommend physical therapy or the following medication.
You can use complementary therapies alongside or alone.
Chiropractors, osteopathy, Shiatsu, and Acupuncture may be able to relieve back pain. They can also encourage relaxation.
There have been mixed results in studies on complementary therapies. While some people have seen significant benefits, others have not. When considering alternative therapies, it is important to find a registered and qualified therapist.
Patients suffering from chronic back pain can benefit from transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS). Through electrodes placed on the skin, the TENS machine delivers small electrical pulses to the body.
Experts believe that TENS stimulates the body’s production of endorphins, which may help to block pain signals from the brain. Mixed results have been found in TENS studies. While some studies did not show any benefits, others suggested that TENS could be beneficial for some people.
A doctor should direct you to use a TENS machine. You should not use it if you are:
TENS is safe, non-invasive, affordable, and patient-friendly. It appears to reduce pain. However, more evidence is required its effectiveness of increasing activity levels has been confirmed.
It is rare to perform surgery for back pain. A herniated disc may need to be removed. This is especially true if the patient suffers from persistent pain or nerve compression that can cause weakness.
Some examples of surgical procedures are:
Injecting cells into the spine discs to heal: Scientists at Duke University, North Carolina developed biomaterials that could deliver a booster shot of reparative cells directly to the nucleus pulposus. This can effectively eliminate pain from degenerative disc disease.
The best way to prevent back pain is to address some of your risk factors.
Exercise is a great way to build strength and manage your weight. Low-impact, guided aerobic exercises can improve heart health without straining the back. Talk to your doctor before you start any exercise program.
To reduce back pain, there are two main types:
You need to ensure that you get enough vitamin D and calcium. Healthy eating habits can also help to control your body’s weight.
The incidence of back pain is significantly higher in smokers than in non-smokers.
How much weight and where it is carried will affect the likelihood of getting back pain. There is a significant difference in the risk of developing back pain between people who are obese and those who are normal weight. The risk of back pain is higher for those who are heavier in the abdomen than the hips or buttocks.
Maintain a neutral pelvic position. Standing straight up with your head in front, keep your back straight and balance equally on both of your feet. Your spine should be in alignment with your head and legs.
A good work seat should provide good back support, armrests, and a swivel platform. Sitting should be done with your knees and hips straight. You can also keep your feet flat on a hard surface, such as a table or a stool. You should be able to sit straight up with support at the side of your back. When using a keyboard make sure your elbows and forearms are straight.
Use your legs for lifting and not your back.
To maintain balance, keep your back straight. Keep your feet as far apart as possible. Keep your knees bent, keep your weight close to your body and straighten your legs.
It is normal to bend your back at first. However, if you do, don’t stoop. Tighten your stomach muscles to pull your pelvis in. Do not straighten your legs prior to lifting. Otherwise, your back will do most of the work.
You shouldn’t lift and twist simultaneously. If you have to lift a particularly heavy item, ask if someone can help you lift it. Keep your eyes straight ahead when lifting, and not looking up or down. Your back should be like a straight line that runs from your spine.
It’s better to use your leg strength and push the things along the floor than pull them.
Flat shoes are less straining on the back.
You need to ensure your back is supported. You should ensure that the wing mirrors do not twist. You should place the pedals directly in front of your feet. You should take frequent breaks if you’re on a long trip. Take a walk and get out of your car.
Your mattress should be straight and support your weight. You should not force your neck into an awkward angle with a pillow.